Neuropsychology is the science that studies brain-behaviour relationships. It focuses on understanding how the various mental functions (also called cognitive functions) are manifested in behaviour.
Neuropsychological assessment is intended to investigate the various cognitive functions such as memory, attention, visual functions, executive functions (organizational skills, planning and executing tasks, abstraction and concept formation), language, praxis, spatial-temporal orientation and intelligence. The goal is to identify which functions are impaired and which are preserved. This investigation aids the diagnostic process and helps to guide medical / psychiatric / neurological and psychological treatments.
Neuropsychological assessments are appropriate to evaluate the following issues:
- Traumatic Brain Injury
- Neurodegenerative Disorders (eg Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, Lewy Bodies Dementia, sub-cortical dementia)
- Demyelinating Disease (eg Multiple Sclerosis)
- Movement Disorders (eg Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease)
- Brain Tumours
- Hypoxic injuries due to interruption of oxygen or blood flow to the brain (eg cardiac arrest, carbon monoxide poisoning)
- Cerebral infection (eg meningitis, encephalitis, cerebral abscess)
- Alcohol Related Conditions (eg Wernicke’s Encephalopathy/ Korsakoff’s Syndrome, Alcoholic’s Dementia
- Deficits caused by drugs and alcohol or other substance abuse
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Psychiatric disorders that may be accompanied by cognitive deficits such as schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, anxiety, addiction, among others
- Attention difficulties
- Memory difficulties
- Language difficulties
The terms neuropsychological rehabilitation, cognitive rehabilitation and cognitive training, have been used to describe treatment programs designated for the recovery or modification of cognitive abilities. Rehabilitation can be used to improve skills.
Before starting treatment, it is necessary to undertake a neuropsychological assessment, so that the professional can identify which cognitive functions are impaired and which are preserved.
During the sessions, training exercises are practiced, with the aim of strengthening cognitive functions.
We are pleased to accept direct referrals from other professionals, including Psychologists, Psychiatrists, Neurologists and GP Doctors, for the psychological treatment of their patients.